Hairpin filter for Es'Hail 2 (AMSAT P4-A, QO-100)
My first experiments to set up an hairpin filter for the 13cm band (2.4GHz). The deal is to get the right passband and proper SWR - ideally w/o trimming. So I had to do some trial rounds to get the proper parameters for the PCB material my supplier is using.
I think I hit it quite well, see yourself (S21/dB, S11/SWR).I set the frequency on purpose a bit "upwards" to get the maximum distance to the LO frequency to filter out. As shown, the filter can so ~25dB for a 2m LO setup and ~40dB for 70cm LO setup. So I will go for 70cm LO which will ensure I keep out-of-band bins on transmission 40dB below the in-band bin.
This measurements are w/o additional LNA mounted, next is to add ERA-2 amplifiers and biasing/12V supply to come to ~0dB attenuation in the passband region:
It will fit in a standard metal box for shielding (measurements in mm):
Hairpin filter for the 9cm band:
For my 9cm transverter project I require a simple to use filter to extract the proper USB after mixing. So I re-used the data for the 2400GHz filter and scaled it properly. I ensured that a 2.4GHz and 3.4GHz filter is used on the very same PCB (and I separated it manually myself).
I have to say that the higher band is harder to design and to hit the right frequencies. At least the frequencies are a bit low, so I can cut the PCB traces a bit to tune it into the 3.4GHz region. The 9cm band is probably also the reasonable limit for using standard (but thinner) FR4 material...
This measurements are w/o additional LNA mounted:
The PCB size is the same as for the 2.4GHz filter above.
For development, I use my self-made Excel script to generate the structures for simulation and PCB layout (direct import as copper layers). Then I simulate everything in QUCS Studio.
My experiments with microwave antennas from 1-24 GHz (mostly Vivaldi)
I did quite some design experiments with "Vivaldi antennas" (or correctly named tapered slot antennas - TSA).
Some are for large bandwidth, some are for power. I often use them for experimental setups as they are much leaner than parabolic dishes or yagi antennas and still provide a good SWR as load and at least "some" directivity.
My best variant "Vivaldi V5" for the 13/9/6/3cm ham radio bands
For the main bands it is obviously a λ/2 antenna with quite nice and flat SWR over a broad range.
As you can see it is also resonant on 23cm (presumably λ/4 only), but I didn't do further investigations there.
I have some antennas left, if you are interested pls. contact me.
My El Cuatro I got from Fred, OE8FNK
I bought an very early version of Freds multiband-transceiver, version EC2. It had quite low output power and no internal FM demodulator (so I used a cheap Baofeng for that).
I got it with some software I basically could not use. So I reverse-engineered the hardware (see PIC pinout functions below) and totally re-wrote it. Be aware, the new versions are much more powerful, anyhow I'd release my code here as it might be useful e.g. to control an MAX2871 PLL or the 16x2 i2c LCD display which is used in my EC2.
You can find a detailed description of the El Cuatro by Fred, OE8FNK in the DUBUS Technik XVII
(external link to DUBUS web site).
The files here on this web page are provided "as is", without any warranty. You accept that you use them at your own risk and to use it for non-commercial purposes only. / Die Dateien werden "wie sie sind" angeboten, ohne jede Gewährleistung. Du akzeptierst sie auf eigenes Risiko und nur für nicht-kommerzielle Zwecke zu verwenden.
I accept / Ich akzeptiere:
EC2 source code completely rewritten by Wolfgang, OE8WOZ.
Warning, code to be used only for technical reference, NEVER download and flash 'as is' to your El Cuatro version! Achtung, Code nur zu Referenzzwecken verwenden, NIEMALS diese Version herunterladen und direkt auf Deinen El Cuatro flashen!
Download is only allowed when accepting my conditions and disclaimer above.
- a compact 9cm transverter (ZF: 144MHz/<=30dBm, RF: 3400MHz/>=13dBm, LO: 3256MHz/~13dBm)
Some promising gain and noise figure measurements...